|Perumal Thirunamam||..||Sri Evvulkidanthan, Sri Veeraraghavan|
|Prathyaksham||..||Sri Salihothra Maharishi|
|ThayarThirunanam||..||Sri Kanakavalli/Sri Vasumathi|
|Mangalaasasanam||..||Thirumazhisai Azhwar &Panchakam|
|Thirumangai Azhwar||..||Swami Vedantha Desikan|
|Verses in Praise||..||Vadalur Ramalinga Adikalar|
The legend connected with this temple says, that one Thai Amavasyai day a wandering sage named Salihothran reached Thiruvallur where he met a congregation of sages. They were engaged in taking bath in the tank Hrith-Thapa-Nasini and he was also advised to take bath before performing his daily rituals. The bath changed the mind and Sri Salihotran decided to stay at the bank of that Holy tank and start a penance without food or water for one year. The next year on the same Pushya Amavasya day he completed his penance and took a holy dip in the Hrith-Thapa-Nasini tank and observed his morning prayers. As he was fasting for one year without food and drink, he collected on that day some paddy and prepared prasadam using rice flour.
At this juncture Lord Narayana took the form of an old Brahmin and came the way where Salihotran was waiting to offer a share to a guest. He immediately offered the food to the Brahmin who ate up the offering. Salihotran understood that the old Brahmin was very hungry and immediately offered his share also to the guest too. The guest was satisfied and left the place. Another one year of penance continued without any food and drink. Again on the day of Pushya Amavasya Salihotran took his holy bath and after his prayers prepared food as he did the previous year. He offered the food to Sri Narayana and was waiting for a guest. This time also Lord Narayana took the form of an old Brahmin and he was welcomed by Salihotran to his hermitage.
The old Brahmin expressed that he was feeling extremely hungry and thirsty and needed a place to rest. After taking prasadam the old Brahmin expressed to Salihotran, 'where is the place for me to lie down?' (Evvul?) 'In this hermitage', (Ivvul), answered Salihotran. The old man was pleased at this offer and stretched his body in the hermitage putting his head towards south. Immediately the old Brahmin transformed himself into the form of Sri Narayana and Adisesha appeared with his thousand hoods to serve as couch and canopy.
On request from Salihotra Maharishi, the Lord promised that he would permanently stay there and that he would bless and relieve everyone who prays to him after taking bath in the tank of his/her diseases and miseries. Hence He is called Sri Vaidhya Veeraraghava Swamy.
In Puranas this city is referred as ‘Veekshaaranya kshetram’. Since the Lord Sriman Narayana visited the hut of Salihotra Maharishi and asked, ‘where can I rest ?’ – ‘kim grihm?, in Sanskrit, the place was also called ‘Kingrihapuram, or ‘Thiru Evvul’ in Tamil. Sriman Narayana dwells here with the names,SriVeeraraghavan, Evvul Kidandhan and Kingrihesan. His consort is Kanakavalli or Vasumathi. The holy Tank or Pushkarani is called ‘Hrith-Thaapa-Nasini’, with potential to cure mental agony and physical illness of those who faithfully take a dip in this tank and have darshan of Sri Veeraraghavan.
The twelve Alwars, the Tamil saints have sung on the deities of 108 kshetrams (including the Milky Ocean and and Srivaikuntam, the ultimate destination of all jiva-s). These are called Divya Desams or most Divine Places. Thiruvallur is one among them. The Main Deity is in the reclining posture facing East, with Adisesha serving as the bed. Thirumangai Alwar and Thirumazhisai Alwar.
Earlier this temple was administered by different dynasties like Pallava, Vijayanagara, Naicks etc. Later the management came to Sri Ahobila Math, an ancient religious institution of 600 years standing with a hoary past. The Peetathipathy of Sri Ahobila Math is called Sri Azhagiyasingar, adopting the name of the Lord Narasimha, the presiding deity of the Math. Sri Azhagiyasingars are the Hereditary Trustees of Sri Veeraraghavaswamy Devasthanam. The present 46th Jeer, Sri Ranganatha Yatindra Mahadesikan, is holding this post. The Hereditary Trustee manages the affairs of the Devashanam in an exemplary manner. Under his guidance only the Major renovation of the Temple was taken up early in 2014 and the consecration was held in fitting manner in June 2015.
Inscriptions: It has been recorded by Archeological Department that there are 27 inscriptions, one jin Tamil and the others in Telugu Language. They belong to Chola and Vijayanagara periods. This temple has been receiving gifts and contributions in the form of land, silver and gold by kings and ordinary people alike. Many endowments were thus created which are in vogue event today. The main Temple was constructed during Pallava period and further expansions had taken place during Chola and Vijayanagara Periods. The temple is renowned because of significance of the Kshetram, past legacy and heritage, sculptural wealth. And above all the power and influence of Sri Veeraraghavan over His devotees due to His absolute Compassion.